Where a crown lengthen is indicated when too much gum tissue surrounds the tooth, a soft tissue graft is indicated when not enough gum tissue surrounds the tooth. This means that the root of the tooth is exposed. The tooth may appear too long in length. During a soft tissue graft, a small portion of tissue is moved into the area that requires the graft. The area will heal seamlessly, leaving a natural smile and your teeth protected.
While a soft tissue graft can be completed for cosmetic reasons, there are several health increased oral health and concerns related to gingival recession. A patient with exposed roots may experience heightened temperature sensitivity. Also since the exposed root of the tooth doesn’t have protective enamel covering its surface, it is more susceptible to cavities and tooth decay. In some cases, decay may lead to tooth extraction.